IoT Solutions

Compare Network Standards

Compare the attributes of NB-IoT, LTE-M, 3G, 4G & 5G

Compare Cellular Bearer Services for IoT

Download table as a PDF

TechnologyLoRaNB-IoT
(LTE Cat-NB1/2)
LTE-M
(LTE Cat-M)
4G
(LTE Cat-1 BIS)
4G
(LTE Cat-1)
High Performance 4G
(LTE Cat-4/6)
5G
(LTE Cat-16)
Global-Standards-Based1Global Standards
Major-mno-support1 Major MNO Support
Typical-Connection-Speed1 Typical Connection Speed
(Up/Down)
Up to 0.05 Mbps0.07Mbps/0.03 MbpsUp to 1 Mbps10Mbps/5Mbps10Mbps/5Mbps100Mbps/50MbpsUp to 1Gbps/120Mbps
antenna Number of Antennas
1111222
deployment-scenariosDeployment ScenariosStationary
(good for indoor and underground)
Stationary
(good for indoor and underground)
Stationary
(good for indoor and underground)
Mobile/StationaryMobile/StationaryMobile/StationaryMobile/Stationary
international-roamingInternational Availability & Roamingn/aLimitedLimited
connection-frequencyData transfer frequencyIntermittentIntermittentFrequentFrequentFrequentAlways OnAlways On
Response-TimeResponse Time
(Latency)
MediumSlow 
~1 sec
Medium 
~100ms
Fast
40ms
Fast
40ms
Fast
40ms
Ultra Fast
~1ms
mobilityMobilityHandover between cells not supported
Total-Cost-of-OwnershipTotal Cost of OwnershipDeployment Specific  
(might have to deploy and manage gateways)
Deployment Specific  
(low for local, medium for international)
Deployment Specific  
(low for local, medium for international)
LowLow-MediumMediumMedium
power-sourcePower SourceBattery, SolarBattery, SolarBattery, SolarBattery, Rechargeable Battery or MainsBattery, Rechargeable Battery or MainsMainsMains
power-efficiencyBattery Life5-10 years battery life5-10 years battery life5-10 years battery lifeup to 5 yearsup to 3 years1 year<1 year
power-savingPower Saving Mode (PSM)although not always available when roamingalthough not always available when roaming
extended-sleep-cycleExtended Sleep Cycle (eDRX)although not always available when roamingalthough not always available when roaming
smsSMS
two-way-voiceTwo-way Voice
eSIM eSIM(eUICC) Compatiblen/aalthough not in sleep mode

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