IoT Solutions

Compare Network Standards

Compare the attributes of NB-IoT, LTE-M, 3G, 4G & 5G

Compare Cellular Bearer Services for IoT

Download table as a PDF

TechnologyLoRaNB-IoT
(LTE Cat-M2)
LTE-M
(LTE Cat-M1)
Basic 4G
(LTE-Cat1)
High Performing 4G
(LTE-Cat3/4)
5G
(LTE-Cat16)
Global-Standards-Based1Global Standards Based
Major-mno-support1 Major MNO Support
Typical-Connection-Speed1 Typical Connection Speed
(Download / Upload)
Up to 0.05 Mbps0.07 Mbps/0.03 MbpsUp to 1 Mbps10Mbps/5Mbps100Mbps/50Mbps600 Mbps/120 Mbps
coverage Coverage
(Decibel (dB) gain GSM)
+5dB GSM
(Good for high density use)
+20dB GSM 
(Wide area & strong subterranean penetration)
+11dB GSM 
(Wide area & good subterranean penetration)
-4dB GSM-4dB GSM -28dB GSM 
connection-frequencyConnection FrequencySometimes connectedSometimes connectedFrequently ConnectedAlways ConnectedAlways ConnectedAlways Connected
mobilityMobilitySeamless connectivity within managed networkHandover between cells not supportedSeamless connectivity between cellsSeamless connectivity between cellsSeamless connectivity between cellsSeamless connectivity between cells
Response-TimeResponse TimeMediumSlow 
~1 sec
Medium 
~100ms
Fast
~40ms
Fast
~40ms
Immediate
~1ms
Total-Cost-of-OwnershipTotal Cost of OwnershipDeployment SpecificLow 
(low module costs and long device lifecycle)
Low 
(low module costs and long device lifecycle)
MediumMed/HighHigh
power-efficiencyPower EfficiencyVery High 
(up to 10 year battery life)
Very High 
(up to 10 year battery life)
High 
(up to 7 year battery life)
Typically mains powered
(Up to 1 year battery life)
Typically mains powered
(Up to 1 year battery life)
Typically mains powered
(Up to 1 year battery life)
power-savingPower Saving Mode (PSM)
extended-sleep-cycleExtended Sleep Cycle (eDRX)
international-roamingInternational Roamingn/a
May be restricted by some networks

May be restricted by some networks

May be restricted by some networks

May be restricted by some networks

May be restricted by some networks
smsSMS
two-way-voiceTwo-way Voice

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